OHS Code Explanation Guide

Published Date: July 01, 2009
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Part 6 Cranes, Hoists and Lifting Devices

Section 64 Operator requirements

Subsection 64(1)

An employer must ensure that the operator of a lifting device meets two conditions. First, the worker must be competent. Under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act, no person may work in the occupation of Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator unless that person

  • has a recognized trade certificate:
    • Alberta Journeyman Certificate
    • Alberta Qualification Certificate
    • Alberta Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship
    • Alberta Certificate of Proficiency
    • Certificates of Completion of Apprenticeship issued by another province prior to May 9, 1996
    • Certificates bearing the Interprovincial Standards Program Red Seal
    • Effective June 26, 1988, certificates for the Trade issued by Saskatchewan Apprenticeship, or
  • has applied to go into an apprenticeship program, or
  • is in an apprenticeship program, or
  • is a student in a work-training program, or
  • is otherwise permitted under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act to work in the trade, or
  • has a certificate from another jurisdiction that is not recognized and has applied to have it recognized and is working under apprentice-type supervision, or
  • is in a recognized training program from another jurisdiction and working under apprentice-type supervision, or
  • has applied for a certificate and is working under apprentice-type supervision.

These provisions under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act are limited to:

(a) tower cranes;
(b) mobile cranes with a lifting capacity of 15 tons or greater;
(c) stiff boom trucks that have a lifting capacity greater than 5 tons;
(d) articulating boom trucks that have a lifting capacity greater than 5 tons equipped with a winch or 8 tons if not equipped with a winch; and
(e) wellhead boom trucks.

A journeyman’s certificate, or an equivalent credential recognized by Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education, Apprenticeship and Industry Training, is not required under the OHS Act, Regulation or Code to prove the competency of a worker performing the work of a particular compulsory trade.

The absence of an Alberta trade certificate alone is insufficient to consider a worker not competent. The employer is ultimately responsible for ensuring that workers are adequately qualified, suitably trained and have sufficient experience to perform their work safely. Employers need to be aware of OHS and other legislation that applies to their workers.

Subsection 64(2)

An operator must be able to demonstrate competency in operating the device, including, where relevant:

(a) operating the lifting device in a proper, safe, controlled, and smooth manner in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;
(b) reading and understanding lift plans;
(c) maintaining the equipment log book and the operator’s log book;
(d) selecting the appropriate boom, jib and crane configuration to meet lift requirements and determine the net lifting capacity of this configuration;
(e) determining the number of parts of line required;
(f) thoroughly understanding the information in the operating manual and understanding the device’s limitations;
(g) knowing, understanding and properly using the load charts;
(h) inspecting the lifting device and performing daily maintenance as required by the manufacturer’s specifications or by the employer;
(i) checking that all hazards have been identified;
(j) shutting down and securing the device when it is unattended; and
(k) understanding and using hand signals for hoisting operations.

Subsection 64(3)

Any worker who does not meet the requirements of subsection (1) is prohibited from operating the lifting device.

Subsection 64(4)

To ensure the safest possible lifting operation, the operator of a lifting device must be familiar with the device’s operating condition. The device’s log book is the record of that condition at any given time and the operator is required to review recent entries prior to operating the device.

For more information
Guidelines for Safety Training of Overhead Crane Operators and Supervisors