OHS Code Explanation Guide

Published Date: July 01, 2009
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Part 18 Personal Protective Equipment

Section 235 Bicyles and skates

Subsection 235(1)

The employer must ensure that a worker riding a bicycle, using in-line skates, or similar means of transport such as a three-wheeled cycle, skateboard, or roller skates, wears a cycling helmet approved to one of the listed bicycle helmet standards. For compliance purposes, a helmet must bear the mark or label of a nationally accredited testing organization such as CSA, UL, SEI, etc.

This section applies to workers while working, and includes bicycle couriers, workers using in-line skates at grocery stores and workers at restaurants who may use roller skates or similar means of transport.

Subsection 235(2)

Workers are often required to wear a hard hat whenever they are present at an industrial work site. At large industrial complexes, workers may use bicycles or similar conveyances in place of vehicles as a means of getting from one work area to another. To avoid the need to carry additional headwear (a bicycle helmet) and constantly switch between the hard hat and bicycle helmet, this section permits workers to wear their hard hat in place of a helmet. To do so, speeds must not exceed 20 kilometres/hour and the hard hat must be equipped with a chin strap. The worker must use the chin strap.

Some hard hats have earmuff-style hearing protectors. When placed over the ears, these protectors can actually help to keep the hard hat on the head. However, if a worker’s head is jolted (as might happen during a fall from a bicycle or similar conveyance), the hard hat and earmuffs quickly fall off. A hard hat with earmuff-style hearing protection is therefore unacceptable as an alternative to a hard hat with fastened chin strap.